Oral ulceration is probably the commonest oral mucosal condition encountered by a dentist or doctor. Oral ulcers are usually accompanied by pain except when an early malignant lesion presents as painless ulcers. Oral ulceration is “discontinuation of oral epithelium”.
Oral ulcers could occur due to various causes
- Trauma-mechanical, chemical, thermal, radiation
- Aphthous ulceration-major, minor, herpetiform
- Infections-viral, bacterial, protozoal
- Haematological-Haematinic deficiency, neutropenia, Leukaemia
- Gastrointestinal-coeliac disease, crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis
- Mucocutaneous-Oral lichen planus, pemphigus, pemphigoid, Erythema Multiforme